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আজ ২০/০২/২০১৬ এর The Daily Star পত্রিকার Editorial এর গুরুত্বপূর্ণ শব্দগুলোর অর্থ

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The Daily star Editorial : 20-02-16

প্রথমে শব্দার্থগুলো পড়ে নিন

Maddening:উন্মাদ করা, ( Excitiing, provoking)
Induced:প্রবৃত্ত
Induced: প্ররোচক
Pervasive:পরিব্যাপক, ব্যাপ্তি (Extending, Range)
Occupational:পেশাগত, ব্যক্তিগত (Vocational)
Unnoticed:অলক্ষিত, না দেখা (Unsighted, Unseen)
Gradual:ধীরে ধীরে, ক্রমাগত
Enhance:উন্নত করা, বৃদ্ধি করা ( Amplify, promote)
Autism:বহির্বিমুখিতা, আত্বমগ্নতা রোগ ( medical: a condition or disorder that begins in childhood and that causes problems in forming relationships and in communicating with other people)
Blowing : প্রবাহ
Pique:বিরূপতা, মান
Norm:আদর্শ
Permissible:অনুমোদনযোগ্য
Intensity:প্রখরতা
Bevies:পক্ষীর ঝাঁক, দল, মহিলাদের দল
Behavioural:আচরণগত
Exposure:প্রকাশ
Complex:জটিল
Subtle:সূক্ষ্ম
Aggressiveness: আক্রমণাত্বক
Unfriendliness:অস্নেহ, প্রতিকুলতা
Disengage:সরে আসা, আলাদা করা
Attribute:গুণ, চিহ্ন, লক্ষণ
Overcrowded:জনাকীর্ণ
Impair:দুর্বল করা, ক্ষতিসাধন করা।
Motivation:প্রেরণা
Honk:ভেঁপু
Penalised:দণ্ডিত
Combat:বিরোধিতা করা, সংগ্রাম করা ( Fight, Resist)
Plague: মহামারি
Adverse:প্রতিকূল
Excessive:অত্যধিক
Instinctive:স্বভাবজাত, সহজাত
Quiet:শান্ত

Maddening noise pollution

Laws alone not enough

Noise-induced hearing loss is one of the mostpervasive occupational health problems in thecity but usually goes unnoticed because it is gradual, according to an expert. Sound pollution increases blood pressure and enhances the rate of autism among children, affecting their normal development, he said ata recently held seminar.

It is alarming but should not come as a surprise in a city where practices like blowing the horn out of pique rather than warning someone of danger has become the norm, adding to the higher-than-permissible intensity of sound.

Bevies of research show that social and behavioural effects of noise exposure are complex, subtle, and indirect, giving rise to aggressiveness, unfriendliness and disengagement—attributes beginning to define the residents of this overcrowded and unplanned city. Noise pollution also impairs performance at school and at work, decreasing motivation and increasing errors.

Considering the impacts on public health, the Noise Pollution Control Guideline 2006 must be strictly followed and unnecessary honking banned and heavily penalised. But laws alone are not enough to combat this new plague, educating people on the adverse effects of sound pollution, for instance, excessive use of mobile phones, is equally important to meet our instinctive need for quiet and peace.

 
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